The tax is planned to be 0.80 Euro per kilogram
From the beginning of next year, a new common tax will be introduced for Member States on non-recycled plastic packaging waste, which Member States will pay into the EU budget. The tax is planned to be 0.80 Euro per kilogram. The new source of revenue for the EU budget was approved at the Council of Europe meeting in July 2020, in accordance with the agreement reached on the Multiannual Financial Framework 2021-2027 and the EU’s Next Generation Recovery Instrument.
At the moment, the so-called plastic tax is actually a contribution based on non-recycled plastic packaging, Tsvetanka Todorova, chairwoman of the Bulgarian Polymers Association, told 3e-news. The own contribution will be covered by the national budget, at least in the beginning, and we hope that no additional fees will be imposed on packaging producers in Bulgaria, she added.
At this stage, it is not clear on the basis of what data this own resource will be calculated, Todorova warned. According to her, the question of how reliable these data are remains open, given that in Bulgaria there are no real statistics on the amount of non-recycled plastic packaging.
The reasons for the adoption are that, in line with the European Plastics Strategy, the Union budget can contribute to reducing pollution from plastic packaging waste. Own resources based on a national contribution proportional to the amount of plastic packaging waste that is not recycled in each Member State will provide an incentive to reduce the consumption of single-use plastics, promote recycling and stimulate the circular economy.
At the same time, Member States will be free to take the most appropriate measures to achieve these objectives in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity.
In order to avoid excessive regressive effects on national contributions, a correction mechanism with an annual reduction in the total amount of Member States with gross national income / GNI per capita in 2017 below the EU average should be applied to the contributions. The reduction should correspond to 3.8 kg of non-recycled plastic packaging multiplied by the population in 2017 of the Member States concerned.
The aim is for all Member States to reach the maximum level of recycling of packaging waste. Currently, each country’s individual contribution to the EU budget goes to the common basket. This is not a solution for innovation and stimulating recycling, Todorova stressed.